Geert Hofstede’s Biography

1928 Geert Hofstede born in Haarlem, the Netherlands as Gerard Hendrik Hofstede
1932-45 Schools in The Hague and Apeldoorn. Diploma Gymnasium Beta
1945-47 Technical College (HTS); one year of internships, including a voyage to Indonesia as an assistant ship's engineer
1947-53 Delft Technical University. Diploma (M.Sc.) Mechanical Engineering
1953-55 Military service: technical officer Dutch army
1955 Worked incognito as a factory hand in Amsterdam
1955-65 Professional and managerial jobs in 3 Dutch industrial companies
1964-67 Part-time doctoral study at Groningen University. Doctor of Social Science (Ph.D.; cum laude). Thesis: "The Game of Budget Control"
1965-71 Founded and managed the Personnel Research Department of IBM Europe
1971-73 Visiting lecturer of Organizational Behavior, IMD, Lausanne, Switzerland
1973-79 Professor of Management, EIASM (European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management), Brussels, Belgium
1973-79 Visiting Professor of Management, INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France
1980-93 Co-founder (with Bob Waisfisz) and first Director, IRIC (Institute for Research on Intercultural Cooperation), the Netherlands
1980-83 Director of Human Resources, Fasson Europe, Leiden, the Netherlands


Dean, Semafor Senior Management Program, Arnhem, the Netherlands


Professor of Organizational Anthropology and International Management, Maastricht University, the Netherlands
1993 Professor Emeritus
1992-2000 Honorary Professor, University of Hong Kong
1993-2004 Senior Fellow, IRIC
1995-2010 Extramural Fellow, CentER for Economic Research, University of Tilburg

Geert Hofstede, 1928 – 2020

Geert Hofstede passed away peacefully on 12 February 2020.

In his own words: "I've had a good life". (read Gert Jan's obituary for Geert Hofstede)

Geert smiliing small


September 2011   Knighted by order of Her Majesty Beatrix, Queen of the Netherlands, to the rank of "Ridder in de Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw"

Honorary doctorates

2001 Nyenrode University, the Netherlands

2001 Nov Bulgarski Universitet, Sofia, Bulgaria

2002 Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece

2002 Göteborgs Universitet, Gothenburg, Sweden

2008 Université de Liège, Belgium

2008 ISM University of Management and Economics, Vilnius, Lithuania

2009 University of Pécs, Hungary

2012 Estonian National University, Tartu, Estonia

2016 Economic University of Prague, Czech Republic

2016 University of Galati, Romania


1992 Fellow and Distinguished International Scholar, Academy of International Business (USA)

2001 Fellow, Academy of Management (USA)

2006 Honorary Fellow, International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology

2010 Honorary professor, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China

2010 Honorary professor, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China

2010 Honorary member, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Section of Economics and Law

2012 "Life Achievement Award" der deutschen Weiterbildungsbranche