VSM 08


The VSM08 (Values Survey Module 2008) replaced earlier versions of the VSM. It has ben superseded by the VSM2013.

The VSM08 was developed by Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, Michael Minkov and Henk Vinken on the basis of our 2005 book “Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind”, 2nd edition and Minkov’s 2007 book  “What Makes Us Different and Similar”. It measures seven dimensions of national culture, from which six were maintained in the 2010 3rd edition of “Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind”, by Hofstede, Hofstede and Minkov.

Researchers can still obtain the VSM 08 English original text and the VSM 08 Manual on request, as well as translations into 22 languages made available by helpful researchers. However, we advise using the VSM2013.

Read this before using the VSM

Please go to the Research and VSM page first and study it, before attempting any use of the VSM.