Our books

Our books on culture

Cultures and Organizations


The best-seller: Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede and Michael Minkov, Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. Revised and expanded 3rd Edition. 550 pages. New York: McGraw-Hill USA, 2010, paperback only. ISBN 978-0-07-166418-9.

Updated version of the 2005 edition for a general and student readership.

New features:

  • the concept of a "moral circle" that carries culture;
  • a separate chapter on research into culture;
  • a new calculation of the dimension Long- versus Short-Term Orientation;
  • a sixth dimension of culture called "Indulgence versus Restraint", both based on an analysis of World Values Survey data by new co-author Michael Minkov;
  • a chapter on the deep evolution of cultures.

Translated in many languages.

Culture’s Consequences

Culture's Consequences 2

Geert Hofstede's first book on culture, Culture's consequences, appeared in 1980. It marked the beginning of dimensional, comparative cross-cultural study. Many others have since replicated or criticized his work. He re-worked Culture's Consequences in 2001, including a great number of new work.

The 2001 edition for instance includes the work in Asia that led to the fifth dimension, Long-term orientation. It still contains many of the material that would be needed to replicate his work.

Exploring Culture

Exploring Culture

Exploring Culture: Exercises, stories, and synthetic cultures (2002) by Gert Jan Hofstede, Paul Pedersen and Geert Hofstede, is a training companion, to be used by trainers who like to create experiential activities for groups using the dimensions of culture.

Synthetic Culture script for Indulgence

The sixth dimension was added to the model after Exploring Culture appeared. To complement the book, Gert Jan created a Synthetic Culture script for the Indulgence dimension that can be downloaded: sixth dimension synthetic culture profiles.

Cross-cultural Analysis

CCA MinkovIn this book aimed at researchers, Michael Minkov summarizes and discusses a vast number of contemporary cross-cultural studies, and puts them in perspective.

Masculinity and Femininity

MasFem taboo dimThe dimension of Masculinity and Femininity is concerned with the emotional roles in society of the sexes. This topic is naturally surrounded by taboo and controversy. In 1995, together with a number of other authors, Geert did a thematic book about it.

Geert Hofstede and associates: Masculinity and Femininity: The Taboo Dimension of National Cultures . 238 pages. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications, 1998, hardcover ISBN 0-7619-1028-X; paperback ISBN 0-7619-1029-8.
Half reader, half monograph. Eight short chapters describing research on the subject by Michael H. Hoppe, Willem A. Arrindell, Marieke de Mooij, Deborah L. Best & John E. Williams, Evert van de Vliert , Jacques H.A. van Rossum, Mieke Vunderink and Johan Verweij. Four longer chapters by Geert: An introduction and consequences for gender roles, sexual behavior and religion.

Can be ordered from Amazon.com.

Uncommon sense about organizations

Uncommon senseThis volume assembles some of the lesser known work by Geert, starting in the nineteen fifties.

Geert Hofstede: Uncommon Sense about Organizations: Cases, Studies and Field Observations. 299 pages. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications, 1994, hardcover ISBN 0-8039-5366-6; paperback ISBN 0-8039-5367-4. A collection of 17 different chapters around the topics: I. The impact of jobs on people; II. Power and control in organizations; and III. Studies in training settings. All chapters are based on Geert's own research, and all present counter-intuitive outcomes. Chapters are suitable for classroom use in a course on Organizational Behavior.

Can be ordered from Amazon.com.